Probiotics: Could the latest nutrition craze actually cure autism?

An emerging hypothesis is that the gut microbiota may affect neuropsychiatric disorders through immune regulation. Changes to the population of bacteria in the gut microbiome are common especially with antibiotic treatments, illness, lack of fiber in the diet, and excessive dieting. When harmful bacteria overpopulate the microbiome, inflammation and immune responses may start and the resulting change in cytokine levels could affect processes in the brain.

The question is: which bacteria should be included in the probiotics to produce the healthiest response?

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