Antibiotics are commonly prescribed to children to treat various infections. Recent epidemiological studies revealed a strong link between early use of antibiotics and diseases in adulthood.
Antibiotic use during infancy induces imbalances in gut microbiota, called ‘dysbiosis’. This dysbiosis has been associated to infectious diseases, allergies and other autoimmune disorders, and even obesity, later in life.
In earlier studies, researchers also reported on how gut microbes are important for the production of serotonin (a brain chemical traditionally associated with regulation of emotions and behavior), and their imbalances in production outside the brain, that are also linked to diseases ranging from irritable bowel syndrome and cardiovascular disease, to osteoporosis. Thus, one could imagine how important these gut microbes are. In fact, the gut microbiome’s respond to antibiotics and their potential link to disease development are especially complex to study in the changing infant gut.
Other studies have shown profound short-…
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